pump jack mining crude oil with sunset
Unsplash/Zbynek Burival

The 影响 of 石油

逐步淘汰化石燃料对于防止严重的617888九五至尊娱乐影响至关重要, 拯救生命, and avoiding billions in damages.

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逐步淘汰化石燃料对于防止严重的617888九五至尊娱乐影响至关重要, 拯救生命, and avoiding billions in damages.

美国使用了大量的石油,这对我们的健康造成了巨大的损失, 617888九五至尊娱乐, 和经济.

Every day, the United States burns through roughly 20 million barrels 的汽油, 柴油, and other oil-based fuels—enough to fill more than a 1,200 Olympic-sized swimming pools.

More than two-thirds of this oil powers our cars, 卡车, 公共汽车, 飞机, 火车 and ships, but it comes at a cost. 在美国, 交通运输现在是最大的温室气体排放源, surpassing the electricity sector, 它与严重疾病和死亡率增加密切相关, particularly in vulnerable populations such as children, 老年人, and people with pre-existing health conditions.

实现我们的617888九五至尊娱乐目标,并向更清洁的能源过渡, 更健康的出行方式——ucs估计美国需要减少汽油的使用, 柴油, and jet fuel made from petroleum by half in 2035, and by 85 percent in 2050.

空气污染 and human health

生活在美国的近三分之一的人——估计有1.2亿人——暴露在空气污染中 unhealthy levels of air pollution. Much of that pollution comes from cars, 卡车 and 公共汽车, which release particulate matter, nitrogen oxides, and other toxic emissions.

The health risks of air pollution are extremely serious. 空气质量差会增加哮喘和支气管炎等呼吸系统疾病, 并增加心血管和肺部疾病的死亡风险, as well as cancer. It increases infant mortality, damages the nervous system the brain, 越来越多的证据表明,它会导致精神疾病和糖尿病. Particulate matter is single-handedly responsible for up to 30,000 premature deaths 每年.

这些影响对个人和卫生保健系统都带来了巨大的医疗成本. 在美国逐步淘汰石油是减少它们的关键策略.

美国交通运输部门产生了近30%的美国全球变暖排放, more than any other sector. 资料来源:美国环保署

Vehicles and global warming

The US transportation sector—which includes cars, 卡车, 公共汽车, 飞机, 火车, ships and boats—produces nearly 百分之三十 占美国温室气体排放总量的三分之一,比其他任何行业都多. Cars and 卡车 account for nearly one-quarter of US emissions, 每桶石油(42加仑)排放约500公斤二氧化碳和其他导致全球变暖的气体。. 关于 130 kg comes from the extraction, 生产, and delivery of the fuel, 而大量的温室气体排放——每桶石油370公斤——直接来自汽车的排气管.

To effectively battle 617888九五至尊娱乐 change, 美国必须逐步停止使用以石油为基础的交通燃料,转而使用可再生能源驱动的电动汽车.

Drilling and 水力压裂

将石油转化为燃料是一个复杂的过程,在每个阶段都会对环境和人类产生影响. 石油 is extracted by drilling, 水力压裂, or mining. 钻探与石油泄漏和事故密切相关 2010 Deepwater Horizon disaster,而 水力压裂 与有毒的水和空气污染、甲烷泄漏和地震有关吗.

一次提取, crude oil is transported via pipelines, 驳船, 油轮, 火车, 然后用卡车运到加工设施,在那里提炼成燃料和其他石油产品. 石油 spills during transportation are increasingly common 而且很难清理,而提炼石油可能是非常耗能的.

如果我们要减轻617888九五至尊娱乐变化带来的最坏影响,并为受灾社区提供所需的救济 inequitably burdened by the 生产 and use of oil, we need a fast and fair phaseout.


More than 30 years ago, 埃克森美孚(ExxonMobil)和其他石油和天然气公司的617888九五至尊娱乐家们考虑了617888九五至尊娱乐变化应该如何影响新化石燃料开采的决策. Their concerns echoed the latest science of the time, 这篇文章表明化石燃料和全球变暖之间的联系越来越紧密.

该行业没有采取行动,而是参与了一场长达30年的反对617888九五至尊娱乐行动的运动. 它的 战术 included everything from counterfeit science, to the harassment of scientists, to manufactured uncertainty with no scientific basis.

今天, 许多石油公司和行业协会继续传播虚假信息,阻挠617888九五至尊娱乐政策. 他们都意识到他们的产品在617888九五至尊娱乐影响中所起的作用.

To effectively combat 617888九五至尊娱乐 change, and reduce the harmful consequences of oil use, we need to mitigate the political power of oil companies. 你可以帮忙.

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